Opening your garage door with just a tap on your phone is incredibly convenient. By building your own Internet of Things (IoT) garage door opener, you can add smart functionality without spending hundreds of dollars. In this guide, I'll walk you through a budget-friendly DIY IoT garage door opener build that costs less than $50.

Materials Needed

To build your own IoT garage door opener, you'll need the following materials:

Assembling the Hardware

With all the parts gathered, it's time to assemble the hardware. Here are the steps:

  1. Attach the relay - Connect the relay module to the Raspberry Pi's GPIO pins according to the relay's pin diagram. The relay allows the Pi to switch the higher power required to activate the garage door motor.

  2. Connect the remote button - Identify the two solder points for the button on the garage remote's PCB. Then solder jumper wires to these points to connect the button terminals to the relay module.

  3. Plug in the Raspberry Pi - Insert the MicroSD card loaded with Raspberry Pi OS. Then connect the Pi to the USB power supply.

  4. Configure the software - With the Pi powered on and connected to WiFi, configure the GPIO pins and install code to activate the relay when triggered by an API request (covered next).

At this point, you should have a basic IoT garage door opener circuit, with the Raspberry Pi able to trigger the remote button via the relay!

Writing the Software

To enable smartphone control, software is needed to remotely trigger the garage door via API request. Here's an overview of the main components:

When assembled, the full software flow looks like:

  1. User clicks button on web app
  2. Web app calls API endpoint with auth token
  3. API authenticates then triggers Pi daemon
  4. Pi daemon activates relay to open/close garage

With both the hardware and software complete, you now have a fully functioning IoT garage door opener for under $50!

Possible Enhancements

Here are some ideas for enhancing your budget IoT garage door opener:


Building your own IoT garage door opener is a fun electronics project that adds home automation capabilities on a budget. With around $50 in parts and some DIY spirit, you can construct the hardware and software needed for smartphone-controlled garage access. Start with the basics, then enhance your project over time by integrating additional features like cameras, sensors, and voice control. The possibilities are endless when you tap into the Internet of Things!