How to Build a DIY Solar Phone Charger From Scratch With Common Household Items


Building your own solar phone charger is a fun DIY project that allows you to harness the power of the sun to charge your devices. With just a few common materials, you can make an eco-friendly and renewable way to keep your phone powered up.

In this guide, I will walk you step-by-step through the process of assembling a basic solar phone charger from scratch using everyday household items. I will cover how to choose the components, connect the circuitry, build the case, and troubleshoot any issues that arise. With a little time and effort, you can build your own solar-powered solution for charging on the go!

Choosing the Components

The main components you will need for a DIY solar phone charger are:

I recommend getting a solar phone charger kit that includes all of these components together. You can find many affordable options online or at electronics and hardware stores.

Connecting the Solar Panel and Battery

Once you have gathered the components, it's time to start the build by connecting the solar panel to the power bank. This allows electricity generated by the panel to charge the battery.

Follow these steps:

  1. Take the solar panel wires and connect the positive (+) wire to the positive terminal of the power bank. This is usually marked in red.

  2. Connect the negative (-) solar panel wire to the negative terminal of the power bank, marked in black.

  3. Secure the connections by wrapping the wires around the terminals and soldering them if possible for a more permanent joint.

  4. Add heat shrink tubing over the connections to prevent short circuits.

Double check the polarity of the connections before moving to the next steps. Reversing positive and negative will prevent charging.

Connecting the Battery to Phone Output

Next, you need to connect the power bank to the output that your phone will plug into:

  1. Take the positive (+) wire of the DC jack connector and solder it to the positive terminal of the power bank.

  2. Connect the negative (-) wire from the DC jack to the negative terminal on the battery pack.

  3. Add heat shrink over these new connections.

  4. Secure the DC jack connector in the case so it is fixed in place with the open end accessible.

Now your solar panel's output will flow into the battery, which will in turn charge devices plugged into the DC jack.

Adding Switch and Voltage Regulator (Optional)

For extra functionality and safety, you can take a couple optional steps:

Follow the polarity and consult wiring diagrams to properly add these components to the circuit.

Building the Case

The last step is to build a protective casing for your solar phone charger. You can use a purchased enclosure or repurpose/build your own container.

Key steps include:

With everything connected inside, seal up the case and your solar phone charger is ready for sun!

Troubleshooting Issues

If your DIY solar phone charger isn't working properly, here are some troubleshooting tips:

With some patience, you can diagnose most issues. Don't give up, and you'll soon have your solar powered charger working!


Constructing your own solar phone charger from scratch is a rewarding and educational project. With just basic components, wiring knowledge, and some simple tools, you can build a fully functional renewable power source for your devices. Just follow the steps for assembling the circuitry, integrate into a protective case, and troubleshoot any connectivity issues. With the power of the sun, you'll have an eco-friendly and portable way to keep your phone powered up off the grid!