Having a garage door that you can open and close from your smartphone can be incredibly convenient. With some basic DIY skills and relatively low-cost parts, you can build your own WiFi-enabled garage door opener powered by a Raspberry Pi. Raspberry Pi is perfect for this project thanks to its small size, low cost, and ability to connect to WiFi networks.

In this comprehensive, step-by-step guide, I'll walk you through everything you need to know to build your own smart garage door opener with Raspberry Pi that you can control from anywhere using your phone.

Hardware Needed

To build this garage door opener, you will need the following hardware components:

Raspberry Pi

Any Raspberry Pi model will work, but I recommend the Raspberry Pi 3 B+ or Raspberry Pi 4 B. These models have built-in WiFi connectivity so you don't need an external WiFi adapter. The Pi will act as the brains of the garage door opener.

Garage Door Opener Motor Controller

You need some type of controller that can connect to your existing garage door motor and open/close the door. There are a few options:

Microcontroller (optional)

For simpler wiring, you can optionally add a microcontroller like Arduino between the Raspberry Pi and the garage door opener motor controller. The microcontroller handles translating signals from the Pi GPIO pins to the opener controller.


I recommend adding a door sensor so the Pi knows if the door is open or closed. You can also add a motion sensor to trigger the door.


You'll control the garage door from an app on your iOS or Android smartphone. The app connects to the Raspberry Pi via WiFi.

Mounting Hardware

You'll need a sturdy case or enclosure for the Raspberry Pi hardware and a way to securely mount it inside your garage.

Software Required

For software, you will need:

How to Assemble the Hardware

Here are the basic steps to assemble the hardware components:

  1. Mount the Raspberry Pi and any enclosed hardware safely inside your garage.

  2. Connect the Raspberry Pi to your WiFi router so it can connect to the internet.

  3. Connect the door opener controller to your garage door motor wires.

  4. Connect any sensors to the Raspberry Pi.

  5. Connect the garage door controller to the Raspberry Pi GPIO pins directly or through an Arduino.

  6. Ensure all components are wired properly and enclosed in a protective case.

  7. Power on the Pi and configure the OS.

Setting Up the Raspberry Pi Software

With the hardware assembled, you need to set up the Raspberry Pi:

  1. Install Raspberry Pi OS on a microSD card.

  2. Insert SD card into Pi and power it on.

  3. Open the Raspberry Pi configuration tool and enable interfaces like SSH and I2C.

  4. Update and upgrade OS packages.

  5. Install required software like Python 3 and GPIO libraries.

  6. Set up API integration between Raspberry Pi and your door controller.

  7. Write a Python script to check status of doors sensors and control the garage door based on GPIO output.

  8. Configure port forwarding on router for external access to Pi.

  9. Enable security measures like firewall and fail2ban.

  10. Test garage door open/close functionality from the Pi terminal.

Creating the Mobile App Control

Finally, you need to create an app interface to control the garage door from your smartphone:

Once finished, you now have your own smart garage door opener that you can monitor and control from anywhere! Let me know if you have any other questions. This DIY garage door opener is convenient, secure, and can be completed in a weekend.