How to Build a Simple FM Radio Receiver With Basic Electronic Parts


Building a simple FM radio receiver is a great beginner DIY electronics project. With just a few basic electronic components, you can build your own radio and listen to local FM stations. In this article, I will walk you through the step-by-step process of assembling an FM radio receiver circuit on a breadboard and tuning in to radio stations.

Parts and Tools Needed

To build the FM radio receiver, you will need the following parts and tools:

Electronic Components


Circuit Assembly

With all the parts ready, we can now start assembling the circuit on the breadboard:

  1. Insert the FM radio module on the breadboard. Refer to its datasheet for the correct pinout.

  2. Similarly insert the audio amplifier module.

  3. Connect pin 5 of the radio module to pin 1 of the amplifier using a jumper wire. This sends the audio signal to the amplifier.

  4. Use another jumper wire to connect pin 8 of the amplifier to the positive terminal of the speaker. And connect the negative speaker terminal to the ground rail on the breadboard.

  5. Insert the 10k potentiometer on the board. This will be used for tuning.

  6. Connect pin 4 of the radio module to the center pin of the potentiometer. And connect the two outer pins of the pot to the positive and ground rails.

  7. Insert the 0.1 μF capacitor on the board. This will help filter noise from the power supply line. Connect it across the positive and ground rails.

  8. Finally, connect the positive and ground terminals of the 9V battery to the respective rails on the breadboard.

That completes the circuit assembly. Your breadboard should now look similar to the diagram below:

Circuit Diagram

Testing and Tuning the Radio

With the circuit complete, turn on the power by connecting the 9V battery. You should hear a hissing sound from the speaker. This is normal background noise picked up by the radio module.

To tune in to a radio station, slowly turn the shaft of the 10k potentiometer. At some point, you should hear an FM station come through on the speaker! Turn the potentiometer back and forth to explore the frequency band and find other stations.

If you have trouble picking up stations, try slightly adjusting the position of the radio and amplifier modules on the breadboard. The circuit is sensitive to layout.

Also, for better reception, you can attach a long wire or cable to pin 2 of the radio module to act as an antenna. Ideally this wire should be run outside a window.

And there you have it! With just a few basic parts, you now have your own working FM radio. This can be expanded on by adding more filters and amplifiers to improve sound quality. Have fun experimenting!

Troubleshooting Tips

Here are some common problems and solutions if your radio circuit is not working:

If problems persist, go through each stage systematically to isolate and troubleshoot the issue.


Building an FM radio from scratch is an enlightening and rewarding electronics project. Troubleshooting issues that arise also teaches useful skills. With just basic electronic components, you can have your own customizable radio. Feel free to experiment further by adding filters, boosting the audio amplifier, and improving the antenna. The simple circuit explained in this article should get you tuned in to the world of DIY radios!