In this article, I will show you how I built a simple Arduino-based battery monitor for under $15. This handy device allows me to keep track of the voltage level of any battery pack, which is great for monitoring and maintaining the health of batteries used for projects and hobby electronics.

The battery monitor uses an Arduino Nano, an I2C OLED display module, a voltage divider circuit, and a few other simple components. I will provide step-by-step instructions to assemble the circuit and write the Arduino sketch. No prior experience with Arduinos is necessary to follow along!

Required Components

To build the Arduino battery monitor, you will need the following components:

With careful shopping, all the components can be purchased for right around $15 total! Now let's look at how to put everything together.

Assembling the Circuit

The circuit for this Arduino battery monitor only requires a few connections:

That's it for the circuit! Very simple. Now the Arduino just needs to be loaded with a sketch to take analog voltage readings and display them on the OLED.

Writing the Arduino Sketch

With the Arduino IDE installed on your computer, you can copy, paste, and upload the following sketch to your Arduino Nano:





define SCREEN_WIDTH 128


Adafruit_SSD1306 display(SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT, &Wire, -1);

void setup() {

// Initialize the OLED display
if(!display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC, 0x3C)) {
Serial.println(F("SSD1306 allocation failed"));

// Draw startup screen
display.setCursor(0, 10);
display.println("Battery Monitor");

void loop() {

// Read battery voltage
int sensorValue = analogRead(A0);
float voltage = sensorValue * (9.0 / 1023.0);

// Display battery voltage centered on screen
display.setCursor(0, 30);


This uses the Adafruit SSD1306 library to handle communication with the OLED display. The key part is reading the analog input A0, converting that to a voltage based on the resistor divider ratio, and printing the voltage value to the screen.

After verifying the code, upload it to your Arduino Nano. Once programmed, the battery monitor is ready for testing!

Testing It Out

To test out the Arduino battery monitor:

And there you have it, a complete functional Arduino battery monitor for under $15! With this on hand, you'll always know the state of your batteries and when it's time to swap them out or recharge.

Going Further

Some ways this basic battery monitor could be expanded are:

The core Arduino platform makes it easy to customize the battery monitor to your needs. As your projects grow more advanced, accurate battery monitoring will become even more important.

Hopefully this guide has shown how accessible and useful Arduino projects can be. Let me know if you end up building your own version or have any other questions!