How to Make a Simple Arduino Weather Station With Parts You Already Have At Home

Making a weather station with an Arduino is a fun electronics project that allows you to monitor conditions like temperature, humidity, and pressure right from your own home. With just a few common components, you can build a simple Arduino-based weather station that provides interesting data without being too difficult or expensive to put together.

What You Will Need

To build your Arduino weather station, you will need:

Most hobbyists and Arduino enthusiasts have most or all of these parts already at home. If not, they can easily be purchased online or from an electronics retailer. The DHT and BMP sensors provide temperature, humidity, and pressure data. The photoresistor and resistor form a simple circuit to detect ambient light levels. The LCD screen allows you to display the sensor readings.

Connecting the Sensors

You will need to connect the sensors and other components to your Arduino board. Here are the basic steps:

  1. Insert the DHT sensor into the breadboard. You can use either a DHT11 or DHT22.

  2. Connect the first pin of the DHT sensor to Arduino pin 7. Connect the second pin to 5V power. The third pin goes to ground.

  3. For the BMP sensor, connect the SCK pin to Arduino pin 13, the SDO pin to pin 12, and SDA to pin 11. Supply 3.3V power and ground.

  4. Insert the photoresistor into the breadboard and connect it to 5V power through the 10K resistor. Connect the other leg to an analog input, like A0.

  5. Finally, connect the LCD. Link the SDA pin to Arduino pin 5 and SCL to pin 4. Connect Vo to the center pin of a potentiometer and power/ground at the outer pins.

Loading the Sketch

With the circuit wired up, it's time to load the Arduino sketch. This code reads the sensors, takes measurements, and outputs data to the LCD.

You will want to install the necessary libraries to support the sensors - like DHT.h and Wire.h. Then you can copy, paste, and upload the full weather station code to your Arduino IDE.

Be sure to modify any pin numbers or other variables to match your specific setup. Compile and upload the code, and you should be off and running!

Displaying and Recording Data

Once powered on, your Arduino weather station will begin taking readings every few seconds. The temperature, humidity, pressure, and light level will be shown on the LCD display.

To record the sensor data over longer periods, you can connect the Arduino to a computer via USB. Open the serial monitor in the Arduino IDE to view a stream of readings.

You may also want to save the serial output to a CSV file for further analysis. This will allow you to visualize trends in weather conditions over days or weeks.

Enhancing Your Weather Station

This simple Arduino weather station can provide interesting data right on your workbench. But you can also add components to expand its capabilities:

So with just a few common electronic parts, you can start monitoring weather conditions around your home. This Arduino project will introduce you to useful sensors and give you data to analyze for further electronics experiments.