Assess Your Needs

Before wiring your home, it's important to assess what devices you plan to use now and in the future. This will determine the type of wiring and how much capacity you need. Here are some key things to consider:

Electrical Panel Considerations

Before any new wiring, make sure your main electrical panel has enough capacity and spaces for additional circuits. A panel upgrade may be required to support added loads from EVs, appliances, and electronics.

Key factors to consider:

If a new panel is needed, the cost ranges from $1,000 to $4,000 depending on the capacity, features, and complexity of the installation.

Wiring for Electric Vehicle Chargers

Most EVs utilize a 240V level 2 charging station at home, which requires special wiring:

The installation cost averages $900 for a basic 50A EV circuit up to 25 feet from the panel. Wall mounted 240V outlets should be placed conveniently near designated parking spots. For multiple EVs, install multiple charging circuits.

DC fast chargers have additional requirements:

Low Voltage Wiring for Smart Home Automation

Many smart home devices operate wirelessly using Wi-Fi, Z-Wave, Zigbee, Bluetooth and other protocols. However, key automation components work over low voltage wiring:

A professional installer handles home-run wiring, terminations, structured wiring panels, and testing. This hardwired backbone ensures connectivity for both wired and wireless smart home technologies.

Whole Home Surge Protection

Smart electronic devices are vulnerable to electrical surges and spikes from lightning strikes or utility issues. While power strips provide some protection, whole home surge protection at the panel is ideal. This provides defense for hardwired devices like EV chargers, smart panels, and appliances.

Key factors for whole home surge protectors:

Installation by an electrician averages $850. This is a smart investment for protecting your expensive connected home tech.

Prepare for Smart Power Monitoring

Home energy monitoring systems provide real-time tracking of energy usage and generation. This allows you to optimize the efficiency of smart appliances and lighting. There are two approaches:

For easy installation later, run 1⁄2 inch flexible conduit from the panel to points where sensors can be mounted conveniently. Outlets near the panel can provide power for monitoring systems.

Smart panels with built-in energy monitoring are now available. Budget $3,000 to $7,000 to upgrade your main panel and gain energy insight.

Create a Long-Term Wiring Plan

As you assess your needs, create a wiring plan that allows for future expansion:

While it requires greater investment upfront, oversized wiring and conduits provide for easy expansion later. With a bit of planning, you can truly future proof your home!

Work With Qualified Electricians

Smart home wiring and electrical upgrades require professional trade skills. Don't attempt dangerous DIY electrical work! Be sure to:

The overall cost to upgrade home wiring ranges from $2,000 to $15,000 depending on the scope. Well executed wiring ensures your home's systems can smoothly integrate both today and years down the road. Your home becomes an adaptable platform ready for any technologies the future holds!