Why You Might Want to Wire Your Home Yourself

Installing wiring in your home can be an intimidating task, but with the right preparation and safety measures, it is possible for a homeowner to complete basic wiring projects safely and legally. Here are some reasons why you might want to take on home wiring projects yourself:

However, safety should always be the number one priority when working with electricity. Proceed with extreme caution, get proper training, and follow all codes and regulations. Never take on electrical work beyond your skill level.

How to Learn Electrical Wiring as an Amateur

While some people seem to have an innate knack for working with electrical systems, there are resources available for any homeowner to teach themselves basic wiring skills:

The more you study and practice wiring fundamentals, the more comfortable you'll become working with electrical systems. But always consult local building codes for regulations.

Essential Safety Tips for Wiring Your Home

Electricity must be treated with extreme caution. Here are some key safety precautions to take when wiring a home as an amateur:

Slow and steady wins the race. Rushing leads to mistakes. Follow safety protocols and you can wire like a pro.

Choosing the Right Wire Gauge and Type

Selecting the proper wire gauge (thickness) and composition is imperative to any home wiring project:

For any wiring project, consult local building codes to determine the proper wire gauge and type sanctioned in your area. Using subpar or unsuitable wire can lead to catastrophic failures.

Essential Electrical Tools for Home Wiring

These basic tools will get you through most standard home wiring jobs:

Invest in commercial grade tools, not the cheap versions prone to breaking. And learn how to use them properly before wiring.

Wiring a Room from Scratch

Wiring a new room in your home may seem intimidating but can be accomplished with proper planning and execution:

Step 1) Plan the room layout - Decide where you want switches, lights and receptacles located. Include potential future needs too.

Step 2) Shut off main breaker - Locate the main breaker panel and shut off power to the entire house. Test that power is OFF with a voltage tester.

Step 3) Run cable - Notch studs and drill holes to run 14/2 NM Romex cable between the new room and breaker panel. Avoid plumbing.

Step 4) Mount electrical boxes - Secure outlet, switch and junction boxes in the planned locations. Mind code spacing requirements.

Step 5) Pull cables - Use fish tape to carefully pull the cables through holes/notches into boxes. Provide several feet of slack.

Step 6) Connect switches and receptacles - Join hot, neutral and ground wires to devices with proper splices and terminal screws.

Step 7) Install fixtures - Connect light fixtures to wiring and mount them to junction boxes per included instructions.

Step 8) Label breakers - Identify and label which breakers control the newly wired room at the panel.

Step 9) Inspection and power - Call for inspection. Pending approval, turn power back on and test all fixtures and outlets.

Take it slow and steady. Rushing leads to mistakes with potentially hazardous results. If at any point you feel unsure, consult an electrician. Safety first.

Common Electrical Hazards to Avoid

Any mistakes with household electrical wiring can injure, kill or start fires. Here are some of the most common hazards to steer clear of:

Pay close attention to detail, double check everything, and consult local codes to prevent these hazards. Safety first!

When to Call a Licensed Electrician

While many wiring projects can be DIYed, some are best left to licensed professionals:

While wiring projects can seem intimidating, safety should be the number one concern. Knowing when to call a licensed electrician is an important wiring skill as well.