“Improving Efficiency in Commercial Electrical Distribution Systems”

Improving Efficiency in Commercial Electrical Distribution Systems

Conduct an Electrical Load Analysis

The first step I take to improve efficiency is to conduct a thorough electrical load analysis of the commercial facility. This involves reviewing electrical usage data to understand where, when, and how much electricity is being used. I examine usage across different areas, equipment, and times of day. This load analysis provides crucial insights on where efficiency improvements will have the greatest impact.

Some key data I gather and analyze includes:

Armed with a detailed understanding of electrical loads, I can target high-usage and inefficient systems for efficiency upgrades.

Implement Lighting Efficiency Measures

Lighting accounts for a major share of electricity use in commercial buildings. I take the following steps to improve the efficiency of lighting systems:

These measures can reduce lighting electricity consumption by 60% or more. The upfront cost is recouped within 2 years through energy savings.

Upgrade HVAC and Mechanical Systems

Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) account for around 40% of electricity used in commercial buildings. Some ways I improve HVAC efficiency include:

Targeting the HVAC system provides some of the biggest efficiency gains in any commercial facility.

Utilize Efficient Plug Load Devices

Plug load from equipment and appliances accounts for up to 20% of a building's energy use. I implement the following best practices:

Careful attention to plug loads across the many devices used in a building delivers measurable efficiency gains.

Monitor with an Energy Management System

A key tool I use to continuously improve efficiency is an energy management system (EMS). This centrally monitors real-time energy usage throughout the facility by connecting to smart meters and sensors.

Key features I use in an EMS include:

The data and visibility provided by an EMS enables me to understand patterns of energy use and quickly identify issues like equipment faults and unnecessary consumption. This allows targeted measures that deliver sustained efficiency improvements.

Perform Regular Maintenance and Upgrades

I follow planned preventive maintenance schedules for equipment like HVAC systems and lighting. This routine inspection and servicing keeps equipment operating efficiently. I also continually monitor systems and upgrade components proactively before efficiency declines or breakdowns occur.

For example LED lights are replaced after their rated lifespan to maintain optimum efficiency. HVAC filters are replaced on schedule to maintain airflow.

Doing preventive and proactive maintenance safeguards against energy waste from failing equipment and deterioration over time.


Improving energy efficiency in commercial buildings involves taking a systematic approach. A detailed electrical load analysis provides the starting point to identify opportunities. Lighting systems, HVAC, plug loads and an EMS then provide ways to target major electricity uses with impactful efficiency measures. Continual maintenance and upgrades also prevent backsliding over time. Implementing these best practices allows me to optimize the electrical efficiency of any commercial facility.